Save the Classic Liner Campaign founded in 1995
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Please Note: All ssMaritime and other related maritime/cruise sites are 100% non-commercial and privately owned. Be assured that I am NOT associated with any shipping or cruise companies or any travel/cruise agencies or any other organisations! Although the author has been in the passenger shipping industry since 1960, although is now retired but having completed around 680 Classic Liners and Cargo-Passengers Ships features I trust these will continue to provide classic ship enthusiasts the information the are seeking, but above all a great deal of pleasure! Reuben Goossens.
Click HERE to go direct to the MV Doulos Story and News Updates!
Please Note: Photographs on this page are either - taken by the author, from my private collection or as mentioned otherwise!
Having been in the
passenger shipping industry for a good fifty-five years working from an office
boy with a major shipping company, to later becoming an agent selling berths on
ships to and from the UK and European ports, as well other ports on the way. In
due course I managed a major Passenger Shipping Company and operated a
successful Cruise Company in the 1970’s, it stands to reason that my love
for classic and traditional passenger liners/cruise ships is obvious!
Having been in the passenger shipping industry for a good fifty-five years working from an office boy with a major shipping company, to later becoming an agent selling berths on ships to and from the UK and European ports, as well other ports on the way. In due course I managed a major Passenger Shipping Company and operated a successful Cruise Company in the 1970’s, it stands to reason that my love for classic and traditional passenger liners/cruise ships is obvious!
Personally it has been my good fortune to have
been directly involved in saving worthwhile passenger ships since 1990, but
have done so officially online since 1995! The best known is one I was so
closely involved with being the great Dutch Liner SS
Rotterdam, which is now a wonderful Hotel in
her homeport of
However, let me first advise you; although I am technically no longer involved in the actual saving of any of these wonderful ships, I now have to leave that job to others who I hope some are well trained and qualified individuals and organisations or owners who will be able to do this very difficult work. However, they will need your assistance! Therefore, this page is to keep you informed and reach out to those who may be able to assist in a greater way, as I have experienced in the past. Therefore I sincerely ask you with all my heart to continue to assist them through every possible means to save some of these fine and much loved classic liners and yes, even some of the lesser-known ships.
Of course there is the great SS
United States that has already been purchased, but it requires our help for her to
be fully restored to her former glory and you are greatly needed for this.
Everything is fully explained by SS United States Conservancy. Of course there
is the now rather tragic MV Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) that is now in a dead ship state in
Thus, come aboard and support the very special work that is still being done by many good people and feel good knowing that you will have done your something special, for doing something in assisting in saving a part of great maritime history that will last long into the future as it will be for your children’s children to see what a genuine, or a real ship actually looks like, rather than those massive boxlike floating fun park resort cruise ships!
I sincerely thank all my wonderful readers and supporters for the many years that you have returned again and again, for amazingly the ssmaritime/savetheclassicliners pages have received well over 507.6 million readers and that is an amazing feat indeed! Thus, I wish to thank all my supporters for I am most touched by your kindnesses, especially for the countless emails of support over the recent years during my poor health!
Maritime Historian, Author & Lecturer.
Two Special News Updates:
The great MV Kungsholm, Sea Princess, Victoria, Mona Lisa, Oceanic II, Mona Lisa & Hotel Veronica closed operations in October 2013, and after a two year lay up, she was sadly sold to the Indian ship breakers in October 2015 for US$20 to 23 million.
Update - November 16, 2015: The Veronica departed her berth under-tow of the tug ‘Kamarina’ and she reached the Alang area on November 13, 2015 and anchored north-east of the breakers beach. I have been told that her owner is still looking for new investors to save the ship.
The superbly designed MS Kungsholm IV seen during her Sea Trials with the RMS Queen Elizabeth passing her on her starboard side
Tragically it was just 12 years after she was completed P&O Princes rebuilt her and this sleek & elegant ship was destroyed into an
ugly duckling, her only saving grace was that much of her interior fitting were retained, but her sheer beauty had gone!
Please Note: The SS United States has again been saved at the end or October and please support her now with a donation!
To donate CLICK HERE
Ships on this Page
“A Ship Like no Other”
SS Medina (1914-1948) was sold and renamed: SS Roma (1948-1952)
MS Franca C (1952-1977) - MV Doulos - (1977-2010)
Doulos Phos – (2010 - ) she is will be
permanently located in
This “Grand Old Dame of the Sea” became 101 Years of Age on August 22, 2015
The Doulos Phos is seen at the ASL Shipyard’s in Batam on December 1, 2013
NEW … October/November 2015 Updates & Photo
Is below the Introduction!
For her complete story and history with hundreds of photographs covering the years 1914 to 2010 as well as various Deck Plans considering the ship underwent her changes I suggest that you head for my online Book … MV Doulos - “A Ship Like no Other” at: www.ssmaritime.net.
After her long 95 years career during her
regular safety inspection whilst she was in
It was some time before this occurred when I
had commenced the “Save the MV Doulos
Campaign.” I was excited during the
period when her owners OM (Operation Mobilisation in Germany) were in a period of
deep thought due to some dispute that I contacted one of my three main contacts
I had been working with, being Mr. Eric Saw of Singapore and advised him to
“make another offer now” and that “OM would except his
offer.” I knew with absolute assurance that they would accept his offer!
Mr. Saw had made an earlier offer, which had been rejected by
The idea for the Singaporean connection was to
turn the Doulos into a tourist facility and have the ship berthed somewhere in
Sadly, at first the ex MV Doulos remained
However a change of came into the heart of the Indonesian Authorities came good, and they gave permission for the Doulos to be berthed at the popular Tourist Resort Island of Bintan. In light of this, in September 2013 the Doulos Phos was towed from Singapore to ASL Shipyards at Batam Indonesia where she will be stripped and then be comprehensively refurbished, but her refurbishment will take a considerable time if not years!
Doulos Phos News Updates from Mr Eric Saw & Other Sources :
Please Note: The updates from Mr Eric Saw seen below have been somewhat edited for readability sake as emails received were written more on a personal basis.
October 30, 2015: The latest news is that the Doulos Phos has moved from ASL Shipyard’s located on the Island of Batam
to her new permanent home near the Island of Bintan. She will be located next
to the Bintan’s Bandar Bentan
Telani Ferry Terminal as this Island is a very
popular resort region for people of
Doulos Phos is
seen just off
Commencing during the weekend at the end of October 31, 2015, the process of hauling Doulos Phos onto a large outcrop of reclaimed land close to the ferry terminal has began. I have been advised that great big winches with cables attached to the ship, which will see her slowly slide up on the prepared area and then on top of industrial-strength airbags.
The entire works is professionally managed and the Doulos Phos is expected to be located in her final position in around two weeks from now, meaning October 15, I hope!
As we know that she has been at the Batam yards for some time, for there she has undergone most extensive internal structural work that needed to be carried out before she could be moved to Bintan. However, once she is in place and settled, then a refurbishment can take place in order to provide 100 boutique hotel rooms.
A Reminder of the ships Background:
The Doulos Phos was built in 1914 by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock
Company for the American “Mallory Steamship Company” as a general
cargo ship, the SS Medina. She operated along the East Coast to the
She served in the two World Wars and came out unscathed, but after World War II, she was sold to an Italian company to become a migrant and a pilgrim ship for Holy Years and she was extensively rebuilt and renamed SS Roma. She made one voyage filled with refugees from East Europe but when she arrived at Newcastle in Australis, the company had gone into liquidation, and she remained there until another Italian Line brought her back to Europe where she was sold at auction to Costa Lines and further rebuilt into a two class liner, the with new Fiat engines the MV Franca C. The ship gave Costa decades of dependable service, first as a transatlantic liner and then as an all First Class luxury cruise ship, which commenced the cruise industry from Port Everglades and a plaque remains there to the day to honour her!
In due course, Costa was operating larger ships and they decided to sell the grand, but little old Lady of the sea and she was obtained by a German Missionary operation. Thus in her final decades of service, the ship renamed the MV Doulos operated as Operation Mobilization’s missionary ship and a floating bookstore until she was sold in 2010 to BizNaz Resources.
2015: “Great developments, but as I am
extremely busy with some urgent jobs at this time, I will provide you with more
detailed updates soon. However, the Doulos Phos is in dry dock at this time and
we are expecting to have her towed to her new home at
Doulos Phos is seen in Dry Dock just Days ago in September 2015
© Mr. Eric Saw
Tomorrow some 1,000 tons of heavy equipment will be barged over from Singapore to Bintan to prepare the “slipway” on which she will be pulled up onto land as she will as you know be land locked, which will ensure the old ladies longevity!
Please pray for favourable weather as monsoon season is fast approaching. The up-slipping operation will possibly take around one week. Thus, please also pray for safe operations as this is the most complicated part of the operations. Doulos Phos has to be pulled up by four winches over the specially built slipway that is around 170 meters in length and divers will need to lay underwater airbags, etc.
I will send more photographs very soon. But having just returned from Batam, and tomorrow I will be going to Bintan, thus at this time I am very busy, but there are such exciting times that lay ahead!” Eric Saw.
2015: “She is currently in the Batam shipyard
and about April or May of this year, we hope to have her dry-docked to undergo
some hull work and painting. Thereafter, we will dead-tow her to her new
operating site to Bintan Island of Indonesia, being a neighbouring resort
island to the east of Batam. Once she is there, we will continue with her
retrofitting as well as construction of the other facilities and buildings
around the landlocked ship. You see, once she is at Bintan she will be
“dry-berthed”, ie pulled up on dry land,
and will no longer be afloat. We feel that this is a better way to
“preserve” her for many more decades. Our site will be
approximately 1.4 hectares in size (14,000m2). She will be the main attraction
with approximately one hundred cabins, several meeting rooms, a Club Lounge, an
All-Day-Diner, and have her engine room converted into a
below: The Doulos Phos is seen above at
the ASL Shipyards Batam
And below is a close up view of her starboard side looking towards her bow and we see that her
exteriors are suffering somewhat, however, she will be beautiful again by the time she reaches Bintan!
Photographs provided by a manager of the ASL Shipyard
2014 & 2015 Updates from Mr. Eric Saw:
November 7, 2014: “We are fitting her out to become a 5-Star/Boutique Hotel
standard and there will be an all-day-Diner, Library, Meeting Rooms etc. The
Engine Room and related areas will be conserved as a
We are hoping that we able open by Christmas 2015, but at the moment this may be a bit tight. Therefore, it may be sometime between end of next year or the first quarter of 2016 when the Doulos Phos commences her new chapter!
Whilst there have been delays, we are thankful that doors have opened the beautiful site on Bintan Island, for ite will be will be the new home of the “100 year Grand Old Lady.”
August 18, 2010: Hotel, Restaurants & Museum plans announced!
I have just received an updated report from my
dear friend and brother, Mr. Eric Saw of “BizNaz Resources International
Pte Ltd,” in
Doulos Phos as seen in
Photograph was taken by and is © Copyright 2012 - Peter Knego – MarritimeMatters
Two decks (A and Main) have allocated
for the hotel side of Doulos Phos, in addition there will be two large (approx
250 seat) restaurants, with one located on Promenade Deck (the original dinning
room) with the second up on Boat Deck aft, which will be newly built. Other
amenities and facilities will include a Deli/Cafe, a Wine and Juice Bar, as
well as a proposed Amphitheatre with an estimated 50 to 70 seats that will be
located at the Forecastle for open-air talks and concerts, etc. In addition
there will be a Bookshop, a Banquet Hall for seminars, corporate dinners and
weddings etc. There will be Meeting Rooms available, and there will be a
Re Photograph above by Mr. Peter Knego, who I consider as a dear friend, spent a day onboard the MV Doulos
Phos whilst he was in
I am most grateful to Peter Knego for allowing
me to use the photograph above and for further excellent reading and some great
images of her as she was whilst in
My greatly beloved Franca C and Doulos a ship that I have had such a close connection with since 1971, when she was still a luxury all First Class Cruise Ship the MV Franca C and then I became reacquainted with her again when she was the Book ship, MV Doulos and I again sailed on her and occupied one of her very best cabins!
Today she is 101-year old, Today in September 2015 and she is in ASL Shipyards Dry-Dock having her hull taken care of as well being repainted. Of course it is sad that she will be “dry-berthed,” which for many ship lovers may well be one of the worst outcomes and possibly not what we had hoped for! However, we will have to face reality, for the truth is that at her age and her old plates this idea may not be as bad as it seems, for it will buy this fine old ship countless decades of life! And the ex Doulos will always look very much like she always did for she has been perfectly preserved, well at least above the waterline. I am told that her interiors will be very special indeed, as a great deal of her heritage is being retained and she will have a superb maritime museum.
The popular tourist Island of Bintan not far from Singapore, but part of Indonesia, will be a great new home for the newly named Doulos Phos, and we should all remember, had it not been for the author’s rapid email to Mr. Eric Saw to “place a new bid now,” and that he “would get the ship guaranteed,” as I knew what was happening with the owners in Germany, thanks to my people (close contacts) in the office there, and I do mean senior managerial staff and thankfully Mr Saw was successful the second time around, for her was rejected by OM the first time! Just as well I had the right contacts, although I never did receive any credit, but the outcome was all-important for me!
Read my extensive “MV Doulos - A Ship Like No Other” Online Book
Above we see the without a Doubt the Greatest American Trans-Atlantic Liner ever built - NOW Let US SAVE HER!
Dear friends, it is vital to understand that the SS United States is without doubt one of the world’s greatest marine achievements that was brought about by the wonderful, William Francis Gibbs who was the brainchild behind the great SS United States an American liner like no ever other her the day. The end result was pure perfection a grand ship with the most sublime proportions, with her massive and impressive funnels to say the least, their grandeur would announce that “the SS United States has arrived!”
The ships builder’s plate taken quite a long time ago!
We are so pleased that the previous owners made a wise decision and agreed to sell the SS United States Conservancy for just US$3 million. The Conservancy was able to obtain the ship mainly due to the great generosity of Philadelphia-based philanthropist Mr. H.F. (Gerry) Lenfest. The Conservancy took possession of the SS United States on February 1, 2011. It is important to note that this Mr. Lenfest’s donation and those of so many others who have so generously given, the Conservancy was not only able to purchase the ship but in this way able to buy time to locate suitable developer/s and a permanent home for this great liner!
Above image was provided by SS United States Conservancy, but Photograph taken by Greg Shutters
Besides being a “Plank Owner” I also own 100 Sq inches on the starboard side of her aft funnel, which I paid for by the means of a donation quite some time ago. There have been many various unique ways to donate and assist to save this Great Liner, and if you wish to join me in saving this Great Ship, then please click on any of her site or e “Donation” links and donate and play a part in saving this Great American Dame of the Sea!
ssMaritime.com & savetheclassicliners.com fully supports the SS United States Conservancy
And we ask that you donate TODAY and be PART in saving this great American Liner the SS United States.
Visit … www.savetheunitedstates.org.
You will read over the years with all those millionaires and mighty men signing contracts and making plans with our beloved QE2, and combine making great and amazing promises that her engines were being made ready for her voyage to Asia and that she would sail her own power to the COSCO Shipyard in Zhoushan, in the Zhejiang Province of China, etc. But as we now know, like so many promises that have been made, regardless if they were made by those useless ones by those from Dubai or Asia, all have come to nought! And in the meantime one of the greatest ships around, the great MS Queen Elizabeth 2 engines has been dishonoured by those in Dubai by having alowed her to have had her engined shut down and she has not been maintained and thus today, she is a dead ship and is looking very much worse for wear remaining laid up in one of Dubai’s ports together with other unwanted vessels as tragically can be seen below!
Our beloved QE2 is seen straddled between two old rusting
freighters and the dock in
-Updated September 17, 2013-
In July 2007 the QE2 was sold to Istithmar being the investment arm of “Dubai World” a wholly owned company of the Government of Dubai. However she would be taken over by Nakheel, also a “Dubai World” company would redevelop her and construct the new islands being built known as the “Palm Jumeirah” where she was going to be berthed to become a major luxury hotel. Istithmar paid and estimate £65 million (British Pounds) for the QE2.
Having completed her final official cruise,
the QE2 departed Southampton for the very last time on November 11, 2008, and
she began her farewell voyage to
It was a fitting welcome and her future seemed
assured, however things was not as it seemed for the financial crisis of 2008
caused Dubai to have a financial freefall and the wealthiest of its citizens
escaped the country, even leaving their Mercedes and BMW’s and super
luxury cars at the airport as they escaped the financiers who were about to
pounce on them, for most emptied their accounts and run. This disaster also
left the QE2 high and dry and although she was reregistered cheaply in
Today her future is unsure and when I visited
the ship a company insider told me that they doubted that she will ever become
a hotel, for the company had suffered far too greatly. Although, the country
did receive money’s from the outside to revive its tourism industry and
attempt to restore some pride, but to date numbers remain way down. In reality
The truth is that QE2’s future will most likely be a rapid and a secret sale to the breakers, and it will come so swiftly that we will be totally unprepared, and that is my greatest fear! Please stay alert and if you hear anything let me know!
QE2 sailed an amazing 5.6 million nautical miles, that's more than any other ship ever I know about, in other words that is like travelling to the moon and back 13 times. She has accommodated approximately 2.5 million guests and completed 802 Atlantic crossings and 24 full world cruises, thus some 1,438 voyages. That is an excellent record indeed!
A close up of a clean looking ship as she had recently been repainted
Photograph © Reuben Goossens
1964 - Cunard signs a contract to build the ship with John Brown Shipyard Clydebank, Scotland.
1967 - September 20 the ship was launched by HRH Queen Elizabeth II.
1968 – QE2 undertakes her deep sea trails; the first was on November 26 to 29, and the second, December 17 to 19.
1968 - QE2 departs on her maiden voyage, being
a cruise from Greenock to the
1969 - After renewed trails on April 1 to 8, Cunard takes delivery of the QE2 on April 18 for the second time.
1969 - On May 2 the QE2 commences her maiden
voyage from Southampton to
1970 - She crosses the Atlantic Westbound in record time of just three days, 20 hours and 42 minutes.
1972 - QE2 undergoes a refit and rebuilding as penthouses added to the top of the ship, altering her external appearance. Accommodating 604 First, 1,223 Tourist, and 1,740 one class when cruising.
1975 - QE2 departs from
1982 - The QE2 was requisitioned by the
British government as troopship to operate in Falklands Islands Campaign. She
carried 3,000 troops and 650 volunteer crew to the
1987 – In October the SS Queen Elizabeth
2 made her final Trans Atlantic crossing from
1988 –A new look MV Queen Elizabeth 2 complete with a new and far superior funnel and far more economic and faster that before, she returned to service and gained even more popularity on the Atlantic service.
1990 - Queen Elizabeth becomes the first Monarch to sail on the commercial liner with other passengers on board.
1995 - QE2 leaves
1996 - During her twentieth around the world cruise the QE2 passed her four millionth mile mark, and amazing feat, but there was more to come!
1998 - South African President Nelson Mandela
sails on the QE2 from
2002 - QE2 passes five million miles - a world first.
2004 - The QE2 was considered as being one of
the last of the great Trans Atlantic liners, for there has not been any true
liners since. Although, they pretend that the Queen Mary 2 is a liner, but she
certainly is not and neither was the QE 2 in her latter years, for both were
then cruise ships. Although QE2 was built as a liner that would also operate
cruises, but her main function was to be a liner; that means line voyages from
2005 - The QE2 becomes the longest serving Cunard ship ever, surpassing the RMS Aquitania's 35 years.
2008 – November 11 Queen Elizabeth 2
2009 – September 21. The author saw and
photographed the QE2 today whilst on a around the world cruise on Dawn Princess
and noted that she was registered in Port Vila
2010 – January 29. QE2 broke loose from her moorings during a storm and was only just saved from destruction by two brilliant pilots.
2012 – July, 03. Sultan Ahmed bin Sulayem announced that a decision has been made to retain the ship’s exterior in her “classic and traditional shape, and install 300 rooms and use her as a hotel at the new Port Rashid International Cruise Terminal within several years! Sultan Sulayem said: “So we have decided to leave her basic design as it is. We will preserve her tradition. What we are doing today is what we should have done when we first bought her.” And I agree with him, they should have and she would have been operational by now!
2013 – July, after an Asian possibility,
there are great doubts for the ship as she has no power and she will be
deteriorating whilst at lay-up in
2015 – It is sad, but she is still laid-up in a dead ship state and deteriorating day by day! Although there seems to be interest by Scotland who is now taking a second look at bringing the QE2 back to the Clyde as a Hotel and a Tourist attraction. But has she gone downhill too far gone to be saved?
Photograph © Reuben Goossens
Click the Logo ABOVE to enter the site
FOTSQM Stands for: “Friends Of TS Queen Mary”
Click the Photograph above to enter their website and help to save this fine ship!
The delightful 871 GRT (Gross
Registered Ton) Triple Screw - TS Queen Mary was built by the famed
But the company was contacted by 1935 in
regard the great new liner the RMS Queen Mary that would be launched by Her
Majesty Queen Mary, thus there was a slight name change made and she became the
TS Queen Mary II, but continued her regular
Queen Mary II was a spacious and certainly a comfortable ship and thus well suited to the large numbers of passengers on the service. Her passenger capacity made up for a good speed of 21 knots on her trials. Being a two class ship, having Cabin Class passengers located forward as well as the top deck extending aft giving the Steerage Class passengers a share of it, and also the sheltered space below it.
TS Queen Mary Specifications:
Builder: William Denny & Bros Ltd., Dumbarton.
Built for: Williamson Buchanan Steamers Ltd.
Engines: Triple Denny & Bros Steam Turbines.
Screws: Triple, direct drive.
Tonnage: 1933-1950 - 871 Gross Registered Tons.
. 1950-1957 - 917 GRT.
. 1957-onwards - 1,014 GRT.
Length: 252.5ft - 77m.
Beam: 35.1ft - 10.7m.
Draught: 10.1ft - 3.1m.
Speed: 19.5 knots max 21 knots.
Passengers: 2,086-day passengers.
The delightful TS Queen Mary was finally
retired after an evening showboat cruise from Largs
to Rothesay on September 27, 1977 after which she was
laid up in the “
I will not go into her story in relation to her being saved and restoration etc, for I will let the wonderful folk over in the UK, and a dear supporter of this Campaign who is fully involved, in fact he was influenced by “Save The Classic Liner Campaign” to do something, which is just great!
Enter the Site to Save the TS Queen Mary Here
I am well aware that the MV Baragoola may not fit my criteria as a “classic liner”, however, I believe with all my heart that this superb historic 1922 built vessel, which I have supported online for quite a long time needs to be restored and retained for the future!
The SS Baragoola was the last of a series of six
ferries that were designed by the Port Jackson & Manly Steamship Co. Ltd.,
and she was built in
MV Baragoola operated her final service from Circular Quay to Manly on January 8, 1983. Being such as popular vessel there was a huge number of passengers on this her final voyage. There were so many, that there were even people standing on the roof of the promenade deck. For this being her last official voyage, a pennant bearing the name “Baragoola” streamed from her front mast and she carried on her rear mast the house flag of the Port Jackson & Manly Steamship Company. No other Manly ferry has ever received a send-off as grand as she did.
After many tough years, with possibilities that she could well be sold for scrap she was sold to a number of owners, but each failed. I commenced the “Save the Baragoola Campaign” many years ago to bring her plight to all Australians and the world! The idea has always been to point readers to her owner’s websites, especially when this fine heritage listed MV Baragoola came under the ownership of the “Baragoola Preservation Association” in May 2010 and they have been actively raising funds and have been busy restoring this superb vessel to her original condition and obviously my cause is to see this through to its completion! I am not personally interested for any gratitude, for I have not even notified the Preservation Association of my support, it comes free and with my hopes!
Please visit the two page SS/MV Baragoola covering her history with many photographs!
I am proud to present a very special Australian ship for preservation
Like the famed historic Sydney Harbour ferry the MS Baragoola, which I strongly support in saving and preserving, and I am also adding the delightful 1963 built MV Cape Don, which is a unique all Australian vessel that should and must be retained at all costs!
The MV Cape Don was a most unique
purpose-built ship to service navigational aids (including manned lighthouses)
Since retirement this excellent ship, the “MV Cape Don Society” is now responsible for restoring this delightful vessel and they will be setting up a museum on board to tell the story of her many years of dedicated service. I suggest that you visit my webpage on her, that has many interesting photographs of her and you will discover all her details as well as further links!
Visit the MV Cape Don Feature
Visit our ssMaritime Main INDEX
Where you will discover well over 600 classic liners!
Where the ships of the past make history & the 1914 built MV Doulos Story
Please Note: ssmaritime and associated sites are 100% non-commercial and the author seeks no funding or favours of any shape or form, never have and never will!
Photographs on ssmaritime and associate pages are by the author or from the author’s private collection. In addition there are some images that have been provided by Shipping Companies and private photographers or collectors. Credit is given to all contributors. However, there are some photographs provided to me without details regarding the photographer/owner concerned. I hereby invite if owners of these images would be so kind to make them-selves known to me (my email address may be found on www.ssmaritime.com only), in order that due credit may be given.
This notice covers all pages, although, and I have done my best to ensure that all photographs are duly credited and that this notice is displaced on each page, that is, when a page is updated!
ssMaritime is owned & © Copyright by Reuben Goossens - All Rights Reserved